The first rule - Roman numerals set of basic symbols

Roman numerals set of basic symbols:

  • The major numerals, the symbols that were used to build the rest of the numbers in the Roman numeral system:
  • 1 = I (one)
  • 5 = V (five)
  • 10 = X (ten)
  • 50 = L (fifty)
  • 100 = C (one hundred)
  • 500 = D (five hundred)
  • 1,000 = M (one thousand)
  • * The numerals below were a later addition to the Roman numeral system; these numerals were also written with an overline or between two vertical lines, to indicate multiplication by 1,000. We prefer this kind of writing, between brackets because 1) it's more accessible to computer users when compared to the overline and 2) for avoiding any possible confusion between vertical lines and the symbol for one - I.
  • 5,000 = (V) (five thousand) *
  • 10,000 = (X) (ten thousand) *
  • 50,000 = (L) (fifty thousand) *
  • 100,000 = (C) (one hundred thousand ) *
  • 500,000 = (D) (five hundred thousand) *
  • 1,000,000 = (M) (one million) *
  • At the beginning, Romans did not use numbers larger than 3999, having no representation for larger numbers such as: 5,000, 10,000, 50,000, 100,000, 500,000, 1,000,000. These were added later on and for them various different notations were used, not necessarily only the ones above.
  • Thus, initially, the maximum larger number that was written with Roman numerals was: 3,999 = MMMCMXCIX.

Roman numerals reading rules, summary:

I. The first rule - Roman numerals set of basic symbols

II. The second rule - numerals repetition

III. The third rule - numerals subtraction (subtractive notation)

IV. The fourth rule - what numerals are allowed to be subtracted from larger value numerals in the subtractive notation

V. The fifth rule - numerals addition (additive notation)

VI. The sixth rule - Arabic numbers decomposing (breaking down) into place value subgroups, in expanded notation, before converting to Roman numerals


Examples of converting Arabic numbers into Roman numerals


Roman numerals from 1 to 100

Roman numerals from 1 to 1000